Children’s dentistry is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the oral health of children from infancy through the teenage years. It is important to establish good oral hygiene habits early on in a child’s life to prevent dental problems from occurring in the future.
Some common treatments and procedures in children’s dentistry include:
A dental exam is a routine check-up in which the dentist looks for any signs of tooth decay, gum disease, or other oral health problems. The dentist will also check the alignment of the teeth and jaw, and look for any potential orthodontic issues.
Cleaning and preventive care: Regular cleanings and preventive care can help to keep a child's teeth and gums healthy. This may include fluoride treatments to strengthen the enamel on the teeth, sealants to protect against cavities, and dietary recommendations to help prevent tooth decay.
If a child has a cavity, the dentist may recommend a filling to repair the damaged tooth. Fillings are made of composite resin.
In some cases, a tooth may be too damaged to be repaired and will need to be removed. This is known as an extraction.
If a child loses a baby tooth prematurely, a space maintainer can be used to hold the space open until the permanent tooth comes in. This helps to prevent the surrounding teeth from shifting out of place.
Regular check-ups and monitoring of a child's dental growth and development can help to detect any problems early on. This can include checking for crowding, misalignment, or other issues that may require orthodontic treatment.
If a child has orthodontic issues, the dentist may recommend braces or other appliances to correct the problem. This may include traditional metal braces, clear aligners, or appliances to help break harmful oral habits such as thumb sucking.